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عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Assessing the potential for forest management practitioner participation in climate change adaptation
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
ارزیابی پتانسیل برای مشارکت دست اندرکاران مدیریت جنگل در انطباق تغییرات آب و هوا
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Forest Ecology and Management, 360 (2016) 388-399. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.09.038
Harry W. Nelson a,⇑, Tim B. Williamson b, Casey Macaulay c, Colin Mahony d
The sensitivity of forests to local climate and the long time periods involved in forest management com- bine to result in conditions where forests and forest management are vulnerable to climate change. Minimizing the risks and impacts of climate change on forest management outcomes and reducing the vulnerability of forest management systems requires adaptation. Forest management system adaptation is a multi-scale incremental process that involves diverse actors collaborating to define issues, develop options, and implement solutions. Enabling adaptation may require revising assumptions (e.g., assump- tions about stationary climate), upgrading formal and informal institutions (including mandates), re-engineering governance, addressing knowledge gaps and information management issues, and changing practices. Given the heightened uncertainty associated with climate change, adaptation also includes enhancing capacities, reducing risks through diversification, increasing flexibility, and enhancing resi- liency by creating decision environments conducive to learning, foresight, knowledge integration, and adaptive management. Forest management practitioners have a fundamental role in identifying, evaluat- ing, and implementing climate change adaptation measures. This study develops and applies a frame- work (derived from recent scholarship on adaptation) for assessing the perceptions of forest management practitioners about issues, challenges, and factors that they consider important relative to their potential to contribute to climate change adaptation. The framework draws from, and ties together various aspects of adaptation process including psychological factors, knowledge management, forest management capacity, institutions and governance, and the state of information methods that sup- port forest management (i.e., planning, monitoring, and assessment). The framework is applied utilizing the results of surveys of forest practitioners in British Columbia, Canada. The application provides an opportunity to test concepts and to identify key barriers from a practitioner perspective. Proof of concept is tested by evaluating the extent to which respondents were able and willing to provide answers to sur- vey questions. In general, responses were robust suggesting some understanding and recognition of the importance and validity of the underlying adaptation concepts by forest professionals. The results sug- gest that forest professionals have diverse viewpoints about climate change. The majority is concerned and support adaptation. However, a significant minority do not support modification of current forest management. Discourse, education, and engagement are called for. Other key factors that from the per- spective of professionals may reduce participation potential include knowledge deficits, lack of mandate to adapt, limited resources for adaptation, institutional barriers, inadequate assessment, and persistence of planning and monitoring approaches that do not account for climate change.© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Climate change | Adaptation potential | Forest management practitioners | Adaptive capacity | Barriers | Perceptions | Awareness | Beliefs | Knowledge | Learning | Human capital | Institutions | Partnerships | Planning | Monitoring | Adaptive management | Assessment
قیمت: 1000 تومان