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عنوان انگلیسی مقاله:
Unhealthy alcohol use in older adults: Association with readmissions and emergency department use in the 30 days after hospital discharge
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله:
مصرف الکل ناسالم در افراد مسن: مرتبط با بستری مجدد و استفاده بخش اورژانس در 30 روز پس از ترخیص از بیمارستان
Sciencedirect - Elsevier - Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 158 (2016) 94-101. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.11.008
Laura J. Chavez a,c,∗, Chuan-Fen Liu a,c, Nathan Tefft e, Paul L. Hebert a,c, Brendan J. Clark f, Anna D. Rubinsky a,b, Gwen T. Lapham a,g, Katharine A. Bradley
Background: Unhealthy alcohol use could impair recovery of older patients after medical or surgical
hospitalizations. However, no prior research has evaluated whether older patients who screen positive
for unhealthy alcohol use are at increased risk of readmissions or emergency department (ED) visits
within 30 days after discharge. This study examined the association between AUDIT-C alcohol screening
results and 30-day readmissions or ED visits.
Methods: Veterans Affairs (VA) patients age 65 years or older, were eligible if they were hospitalized for a medical or surgical condition (2/1/2009–10/1/2011) and had an AUDIT-C score documented in their VA electronic medical record in the year before they were hospitalized. VA and Medicare data identified VA or non-VA index hospitalizations, readmissions, and ED visits. Primary analyses adjusted for demographics, comorbid conditions, and past-year health care utilization.
Results: Among 579,330 hospitalized patients, 13.7% were readmitted and 12.0% visited an ED within 30 days of discharge. In primary analyses, high-risk drinking (n = 7,167) and nondrinking (n = 357,086) were associated with increased probability of readmission (13.8%, 95% CI 13.0–14.6%; and 14.2%, 95% CI 14.1–14.3%, respectively), relative to low-risk drinking (12.9%; 95% CI 12.7–13.0%). Only nondrinkers had increased risk for ED visits.
Conclusions: Alcohol screening results indicating high-risk drinking that were available in medical records were modestly associated with risk for 30-day readmissions and were not associated with risk for ED visits.
Keywords: Alcohol screening | Quality | Unhealthy alcohol use | Emergency department | Readmissions | Post-discharge care
قیمت: 1000 تومان